Each year, at least 1.5 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) resulting in more than 4,000 individuals sustaining a TBI on a daily basis. One million people are treated and released annually from hospital emergency rooms after sustaining a brain injury. Brain injury claims more than 50,000 lives and leaves more than 80,000 individuals with lifelong disabilities each year. (Brain Injury Association of America)
An Estimated 5.3 Million Americans - a little more than 2 percent of the U.S.population - currently live with disabilities resulting from traumatic brain injury. (Brain Injury Association of America)
On an annual basis in the United States nearly 11,000 people sustain a traumatic spinal cord injury. More than 190,000 people in the U.S. live with paralysis caused by spinal cord injury. 85 percent of all spinal cord injury patients who survive 24 hours after their injury are still living ten years after the incident. (Brain Injury Association of America)The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates at least 5.3 million Americans have a long-term need for help to perform activities of daily living as a result of a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Traumatic brain injury causes a wide range of functional changes affecting thinking, sensation, language and emotions. It also can cause epilepsy and increase the risk for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and other brain disorders that become more prevalent with age. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) results from rapid acceleration and deceleration of the brain, including shearing (tearing) of nerve fibers, contusion (bruising) of the brain tissue against the skull, brain stem injuries, and edema (swelling).