For many years, most of the medical community believed that children with TBI has a much greater chance of recovery than adults, however recent studies have shown this to not be true. We now know that child TBI victims can actually experience more problems several years after the trauma. For example, a child's frontal lobes develop relatively late in a child's growth, so damage to this area of the brain may not be evident until the child reaches adolescence. The frontal lobes control social interaction and interpersonal skills. If a young child's TBI damages the frontal lobes, there could be serious problems with that child's ability to relate to other people once the child reaches adulthood.
In addition, Traumatic Brain Injury symptoms can be masked by other physical injuries that may cause chronic pain, depression, or emotional distress and anxiety. The physcian may focus on these more observable physical problems and chalk up TBI symptoms to the secondary effects of physical trauma, causing TBI to not diagnosed until weeks or sometimes even months later, so the proper care is not taken.